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What is NATO? What is the full name of NATO? How many countries are members in NATO?

What is NATO World War when it ends many countries of the world had to suffer severe loss of life and property. In such a situation, all the countries were worried that such an incident should never happen again. To solve this problem, NATO was formed in which many countries shared their military force.

Today, NATO is the largest military alliance organization in the world. Under NATO, any country that does not follow the rules of NATO is severely punished. NATO became even more discussed when the talk of war between Russia and Ukraine started coming to the fore. In this article we will provide you all the information about NATO.

 

What is NATO?

NATO is the world’s largest military organization, under which one country sends its army to another country and they are also given international training. Along with this, it is also ordered that he should deal with every situation strictly. start of nato second world war It was followed on 4 April 1949.

NATO is known as North Atlantic Treaty Organization in Hindi language., Another name for NATO is Atlantic Alliance. The main objective of NATO is to maintain peace in the world. Today, NATO has 30 members.

What is the full form of NATO?

nato ka full form The North Atlantic Treaty Organization is And it is also known as Atlantic Alliance. In Hindi, NATO is called the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

What is called the Cold War?

How many members are there in NATO?

When the Second World War ended in 1945, America and the Soviet Union emerged as a super power, due to which the possibility of danger in Europe increased. In view of this problem, many countries like France, Britain, Netherlands, Belgium have made this treaty that if any country is attacked, then other countries will provide military assistance to that country as well as give them financial and social support. .

To prove itself powerful, later America started siege of Soviet Union so that its influence could be ended. For this reason, America offered the proposal of the North Atlantic Treaty under Article 15 of the Charter of the United Nations, which was signed by 12 different countries of the world.

Apart from America, many countries like Britain, Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Belgium, Iceland, Luxembourg, France, Canada and Italy were involved in this treaty. Later Spain, West Germany, Turkey and Greece joined it shortly before the Cold War. After the end of the Cold War, the countries of Hungary, Poland and the Czech Republic were also included in this treaty. Apart from this, in the year 2004, 7 more countries joined it and today there are a total of 30 members of NATO. This group includes all the following countries:-

  1. Albania
  2. Belgium
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Canada
  5. Croatia
  6. Czech Republic
  7. Denmark
  8. Estonia
  9. France
  10. Germany
  11. Greece
  12. Hungary
  13. Iceland
  14. Italy
  15. Latvia
  16. Lithuania
  17. Luxembourg
  18. Montenegro
  19. Netherlands
  20. North Macedonia
  21. Norway
  22. Poland
  23. Portugal
  24. Romania
  25. Slovakia
  26. Slovenia
  27. Spain
  28. Turkey
  29. United Kingdom
  30. United States

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Objectives of formation of NATO

  • One of the main objectives of NATO is the unification of the countries of Western Europe.
  • Providing security for European nations through their programs for military and economic development
  • Playing an important role as a barrier during the invasion of Europe.
  • To prepare people mentally in case of war and to stop the expansion of Soviet Union in Western Europe.
  • To provide economic and social assistance to the member states for the defense of the ‘free world’.

How was NATO established?

When the Second World War ended, the economic condition of the whole of Europe was in decline, due to which the daily life of the citizens living there was reduced to a low level. To take advantage of this, the Soviet Union wanted to control the business of the whole world by establishing communism in Greece and Turkey and wanted to exert its influence on these countries.

At that time, if the Soviet Union had conquered Turkey, it would also have control over the Black Sea and as a benefit it could establish communism on all the surrounding countries. Along with this, he also wanted to take Greece under his control.

In this way he could also exert his influence on the trade carried out by the Mediterranean Sea. This thinking of the Soviet Union was quite expansionary which was well assessed by the US. NATO was established to solve some of these problems. Let us tell you that at that time US President Franklin Delano Roosevelt died due to some reason, after which Harry S Truman was elected as President.

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NATO structure

Mainly the structure of NATO is made up of four organs and this structure makes NATO special. Some of these parts of NATO are as follows:-

  • council , It is the highest level organ of NATO. Which is formed by the ministers of the state and the meeting of this ministerial is held once in a year.
  • sub council In this part of NATO, topics of common interest related to NATO are discussed. It is made up of the Council of Diplomatic Representatives appointed by the Council.
  • immunity Committee The defense ministers of the member countries are included in this organ. Its main function is to discuss defense strategy and military related topics in NATO and non-NATO countries.
  • soldier Committee It is also a main organ of NATO and its function is to advise the Council and its Defense Committee. In this, the chiefs of the army of all the member countries participate and discuss the peace of the world.

Truman Doctrine

At the time of the Cold War, America made a proposal to stop the expansion of the Soviet Union, also known as the Truman Doctrine. The main objective of this proposal was to stop the expansion of the Soviet Union as well as help all European countries. Under this proposal, all those countries which were threatened by communism were assisted.

For your information, let us tell you that the NATO organization was compiled by US President Harry S. Truman. This group included all those countries which were threatened by communism and who firmly believed in saving democracy. Under NATO, the security of all the countries that are involved in this organization will be taken care of.

All those countries involved in the organization believed that if any member country is attacked, then this attack will be on that organization and all the countries will face it together. Let us tell you that under the Marshall Scheme, Turkey and Greece received about 400 million dollars in aid. This was a policy that led to a prolonged war between the US and the Soviet Union. This is how NATO was formed.

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What were the effects of NATO

After the formation of NATO, many countries had different effects of NATO, some of which are going to be mentioned below:-

  • With the formation of NATO, American separatism ended and Europeans could no longer remain neutral on issues.
  • NATO also had a great influence on US foreign policy.
  • After the Second World War, the dilapidated European countries were provided security so that they could carry out economic and military tasks without any fear.
  • For the first time in the history of the world, the Western European powers accepted the submission of some of their armies to the International Military Organization.
  • The formation of NATO fueled the Cold War, causing the Soviet Union to take it as an opposition to communism, and in response sought to establish its influence in Eastern European countries by offering a military organization called the Warsaw Pact.

Secretary General of NATO

Today, the Secretary-General of NATO is the former Prime Minister of Norway Jens Stoltenberg who took office on 1 October 2014, and Stoltenberg’s mission as Secretary-General was later extended for another four years, meaning he was 30. He will be the Secretary General of NATO until September 2022.

What is NATO NATO Headquarters 

Let us tell you that big organizations definitely have their headquarters and NATO also has its headquarters. Actually, the headquarter of NATO is located in Brussels, the capital of Belgium.

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